Sayyiduna Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman (radi Allahu ‘anhu)

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Sayyiduna Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman (radi Allahu ‘anhu) resided in Madinag and was raised in a Muslim household. He participated in all the battles with the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) except Badr where he was bound by an agreement made with Quraysh.

Sayyiduna Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman (radi Allahu ‘anhu) could easily be entrusted with confidential and sensitive information. For this reason, the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) disclosed the list of hypocrites to him fo rthe purpose of tracking their movements. Sayyiduna Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was also selected by Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) to infiltrate the enemy camp during the battle of al-Khandaq to gather intelligence.

During the Caliphate of Sayyiduna ‘Umar al-Farooq (radi Allahu ‘anhu), he was placed second in command in the battle of Nihawand against the Persian Empire. Under his leadership, the Muslims won this crucial battle and many others besides. Sayyiduna Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was appointed as the governor of the former Persian Capital. While even on his death bed, he continued to advise the Muslims in the affairs of the their religion.

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn ‘Amir (radi Allahu ‘anhu)

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Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn ‘Amir (radi Allahu ‘anhu) heart opened to Islam after witnessing the murder of Sayyiduna Khubayb ibn ‘Adi al-Ansari (radi Allahu ‘anhu). He was captured by Quraysh but was allowed to pray two raka’at before he was killed mercilessly.

Both the prayer and the murder lingered in Sayyiduna Sa’eeds (radi Allahu ‘anhu) mind. He regretted not helping Sayyiduna Khubayb (radi Allahu ‘anhu) and after reflecting deeply over the incident, he declared himself free of the sins of Quraysh and accepted Islam.

Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn ‘Amir (radi Allahu ‘anhu) migrated to Madina al-Munawwarah and joined the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in the Conquest of Khaybar and the battles that followed. During the Capliphate of Sayyiduna ‘Umar (radi Allahu ‘anhu), Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn ‘Amir (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was appointed as Governor of Hims in Syria. During this time, he would faint with the thought that perhaps Allah will not forgive him for not helping Sayyiduna Khubayb(radi Allahu ‘anhu). Despite living in poverty, he preferred to spend on the less fortunate. Sayyiduna Sa’eed ibn ‘Amir (radi Allahu ‘anhu) viewed his position as a trust and his wealth as a trial.

Sayyiduna al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr (radi Allahu ‘anhu)

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Sayyiduna al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was the chief of the Daws – a tribe which resided outside Makkah al-Mukarammah. He accepted Islam after meeting the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) on one of his visits to the city.

Upon returning to his tribe, he invited them to adopt his new faith. All but a few resisted his call. Sayyiduna al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr (radi Allahu ‘anhu) visited Makkah al-Mukkaramah again and informed the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) of his people’s response. He was instructed to return to them and constinue his call. The next time Sayyiduna al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr (radi Allahu ‘anhu) met the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was after the battle of Khandaq in Madinah al-Munawwarah. He arrived along with eighty Muslim families from his tribe.

Sayyiduna al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr (radi Allahu ‘anhu) stayed with the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) until the Conquest of Makkah al-Mukkaramah. Sayyiduna al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr (radi Allahu ‘anhu) returned to his tribe and burnt their idol. After realising the futility of their pagan religion, his entire tribe came into the fold of Islam. Sayyiduna al-Tufayl ibn ‘Amr (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was granted matyrdom in the battle of al-Yamamah during the Caplihate of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr al-Sasiq (radi Allahu ‘anhu)

Sayyiduna ‘Abu Musa al-‘Ash’ari (radi Allahu ‘anhu)

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Sayyiduna ‘Abu Musa al-‘Ash’ari (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was originally from Yemen and visited Makkah al-Mukkaramah after hearing news of the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). He accepted Islam and returned to his homeland to spread the message. Later, he joined the community i Madinah al-Munawwarah after the expedition to Khayrbar along with fifty new Muslims from Yemen.

During the Capliphate of Sayyiduna ‘Umar al-Faruq (radi Allahu ‘anhu), Sayyiduna ‘Abu Musa al-‘Ash’ari (radi Allahu ‘anhu) successfully led the Muslim forces in the battle of Tustar against the Persian Empire and was later appointed Governor of Basra. In the time of Sayyiduna ‘Ali’s (radi Allahu ‘anhu) Caliphate, Sayyiduna ‘Abu Musa al-‘Ash’ari (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was chosen as one of two arbitrators in the dispute that arose between Sayyiduna ‘Ali (radi Allahu ‘anhu) & Sayyiduna Mu’awiyah (radi Allahu ‘anhu). Despite having being betrayed in the arbitration, he remained neutral in the conflict.

Sayyiduna ‘Abu Musa al-‘Ash’ari (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was well known for his wisdom, understanding of Islam and connection to the Qur’an. Years later, he returned to Makkah al-Mukkaramah where he spent the remainder of his life in the worship of Allah ta’ala in the Sacred Mosque.

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radi Allahu ‘anhu)

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Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radi Allahu ‘anhu) was from Makkah al-Mukarramah but spent most of his time as a shepard outside the city. He was still a youth when he accepted Islam and devoted himself to the personal service of the Messenger of Allah (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Through this close companionship, Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radi Allahu ‘anhu) had aunique oppurtunity to study under the Prophet (salla Llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).

He was the first of the companions to recite the Qur’an aloud in the gatherings of Quraysh. They would beat him severely for doing so, but this would never dampen his courage. It was Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radi Allahu ‘anhu) who dealt the fatal blow to Abu Jahl during the battle of Badr.

Being the best of companions in the recitation of the Qur’an, he was one of the most learned scholars of this Ummah. Refusing to accept his stipend from the central treasury, Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud (radi Allahu ‘anhu) passed away during the Capliphate of Sayyiduna ‘Uthman al-Ghani (radi Allahu ‘anhu). He was burried in al-Baqi, a famous graveyard in Madinah al-Munawwarah.